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Jamestown

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 9 years, 11 months ago

The Evolution of the American Character

Settlement of Jamestown 1607

 


 

 

 

English Settlement of the New World

 

England joins the European pattern of extraction and settlement a little later than their Spanish and French counterparts WHY?

 

Districted by Civil War and religious instability in early 1500

 

English ventured into the Atlantic only as a means of preying on Spanish Shipping

 

Early interest shown by wealthy individuals like Sir Walter Raleigh to establish based along the coast to ambush Spanish trade

 

HOW DID ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS BECOME MORE  SUCCESSFUL THAN THEIR SPANISH COUNTERPARTS IN THE NEW WORLD?

1. Luck
2. New business practices
3. Culture of technological inquisitiveness

4. Climate receptive to political and economic risk tasking

 

 

EARLY SETTLEMENT PATTERNS

 

Lesson from the lost colony of Roanoke ?

 

The first American history mystery 1590 – Two years after leaving Roanoke Island is deserted and “Croatan” carved into the forts gateway

 

Sir Walter Raleigh loses interest in expensive and risky new world settlement. Leads to a new Idea – if individual entrepreneurs could not or would not finance settlements, pooling resources became a viable option.

 

 

 A Joint Stock Company (Virginia Company) pursues the settlement of Jamestown. 

 

Even with corporate backing the settlers nearly made no money

 

Freedom to experiment with government

 

England sent the unemployable and unwanted to the new world

 

 

JAMESTOWN, 1607

 

Jamestown – marshy and fever ridden. No clear focus on the purpose of the colony

 

104 settlers over ½ are considered Gentlemen

 

Translation- they were semi-aristocrats who were there to serve as Garrisons at a military outposts designed to launch raids on the Spanish –

 

Consequence – Gentlemen preferred loafing, prospecting for gold and dreaming of a Northwest Passage to grubbing the earth to feed themselves. This almost killed the colony

 

 

 

 

John Smith – the right man at the right time

 

Failure of Commercial Interests = stranded settlers

 

Antagonism with Powhatans leads to attacks on Jamestown in 1622

 

King James revokes the Virginia Companies Charter in 1624 and declares the settlement under direct royal control

 

Leads to the establishment of “benign neglect”

 

This means that Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay turned out to be an unplanned for attraction for a number of English Catholics  KEY

 

England was a Protestant Nation under Elizabeth

 

English Catholics refused to abandon their old faith and were persecuted for it.  Communism connection?

 

 

 

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