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The American Revolution Tally Sheet

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on October 1, 2013 at 12:02:08 pm


Revolutionary War Tally Sheet







 More accurate view of Washington crossing debuts
http://uk.news.yahoo.com/more-accurate-view-washington-crossing-debuts-164732064.html (12.24.2011)



 England’s Strengths  Colonist's Strengths

Population (7.5 million to 2.5 million colonists)                                                                        

 Monetary wealth

 Naval forces

 Professional army
 50,000 British
 30,000 Hessians
 30, 000 American Loyalists  

Outstanding leadership -  Military--Washington Diplomatic--Franklin ;  European Imports--Lafayette, Kosciuzko

Colonists fighting defensively and Self-sustaining agricultural base  Colonists were better marksmen (Americans accurate at 200 yds.) Moral advantage. Americans were supporting a just cause with a positive goal 


Video Clip from the Patriot


Colonial Military Advantages (Journal #5)




 England’s Weaknesses  Colonial  Weaknesses

Lack of British desire to crush American cousins. Whigs cheered American victories.


 Military difficulties -  Second-rate generalsBrutal treatment of soldiers (one lashed 800 times for striking an officer)


Inadequate, poor provisions (old, rancid, wormy) - Need for clear victory. A draw would be a colonial victory.


 Armies were 3000 miles from home. Orders took months to reach the front.


 Vast colonial territory (1000 by 600 miles) to subdue. No urban nerve center to conquer.


Colonies were badly organized, disunited for war. -  Continental Congress debated, but took little action and exercised less leadership


 Written constitution (Articles of Confederation) not adopted until 1781.   Colonies were jealous of Congress, each other's region


Economic difficulties  - Little metallic currency available (Fearful of taxation, Congress issued virtually worthless Continental currency)


Inflation led to increased prices, desertions from army. Limited military supplies - Inadequate firearms and powder 
American soldiers were numerous but unreliable   


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