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The American Revolution Tally Sheet

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on September 19, 2016 at 7:42:37 am


Revolutionary War Tally Sheet



The Revolutionary War – An Overview


PHASE #1 [1776 – late 1777] Containment in New England – the British initially believed that the revolution was basically a radical minority movement centered in New England so they concentrated their forces there. But then came The Battle of Bunker Hill



April 19 – Lexington and Concord Major John Pitcairn sent to seize military supplies at Concord; Paul Revere, William Dawes and Dr. Sam Prescott went to warn the minutemen; Minutemen and British soldiers collide at Lexington and Concord

May 10 – Ethan Allen and the Green Mtn. Boys take Ft. Ticonderoga

May 12 – Ethan Allen and the boys take Crown Pt.

June 15 – 2nd Continental Congress appts. George Washington Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army
June 17 – Bunker Hill Breed’s Hill Colonials survived two attacks but ran out of ammunition and were defeated; 1000 British dead only 350 colonial dead Significance: Colonials hung in against the best Britain had to offer – we could win this war

Aug – Dec – Expedition against Quebec Gen. Richard Montgomery invaded Canada and forced the British to leave Montreal; Benedict Arnold joined Montgomery and together they went after Quebec

Major Failure Montgomery killed - Arnold wounded - 1/3 of troops captured or killed



 Englands Strengths   Colonists Strengths 
England’s Weaknesses  Colonial  Weaknesses 






 England’s Strengths  Colonist's Strengths

Population (7.5 million to 2.5 million colonists)                                                                        

 Monetary wealth

 Naval forces

 Professional army
 50,000 British
 30,000 Hessians
 30, 000 American Loyalists   


Lord Dumores Proclamation

Outstanding leadership -  Military--Washington Diplomatic--Franklin ;  European Imports--Lafayette, Kosciuzko

Colonists fighting defensively and Self-sustaining agricultural base  Colonists were better marksmen (Americans accurate at 200 yds.) Moral advantage. Americans were supporting a just cause with a positive goal 


Video Clip from the Patriot


Colonial Military Advantages 





 England’s Weaknesses  Colonial  Weaknesses

Lack of British desire to crush American cousins. Whigs cheered American victories.


 Military difficulties -  Second-rate generalsBrutal treatment of soldiers (one lashed 800 times for striking an officer)


Inadequate, poor provisions (old, rancid, wormy) - Need for clear victory. A draw would be a colonial victory.


 Armies were 3000 miles from home. Orders took months to reach the front.


 Vast colonial territory (1000 by 600 miles) to subdue. No urban nerve center to conquer.


Colonies were badly organized, disunited for war. -  Continental Congress debated, but took little action and exercised less leadership


 Written constitution (Articles of Confederation) not adopted until 1781.   Colonies were jealous of Congress, each other's region


Economic difficulties  - Little metallic currency available (Fearful of taxation, Congress issued virtually worthless Continental currency)


Inflation led to increased prices, desertions from army. Limited military supplies - Inadequate firearms and powder 
American soldiers were numerous but unreliable   


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