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Class 25 Rewind

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 9 years, 11 months ago

CLASS #25  Rewind  10/23/2012
The Presidency of George Washington - Domestic Policy

 


This class was driven by the following essential questions for Topic #3

1. How did Washington shape the office of the President, which had been vaguely defined in the Constitution?

2. How did Washington  attempt to meet foreign policy challenges?

 

Video Review: Federalism

 

 

We started class with a review activity on Federalism. This tends to be the most misunderstood of all the Constitutional Principles.  Here is a quick summary:  Federalism is the  notion of divided power was clearly spelled out in the Constitution written in 1787.  Under the federal system, powers are divided in the Constitution between national and state authority.  Those powers given to the national government are delegated powers.  Powers left to the state are reserved powers, and powers given to both the national and state government are called concurrent powers.  While federalism was part of the foundation of the new nation, this system also became a focus of disputes between those who believed in state dominance and those who believed the central government should have more power.

 

Here is a list of DELEGATED  (FEDERAL/NATIONAL POWERS) 

coin money and regulate its value

conduct foreign relations

regulate foreign and interstate (between states) trade

raise and support the Army and Navy declare war

establish lower federal courts

establish post offices

grant copyrights and patents

establish laws governing citizenship

the Elastic Clause allows the federal government to “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution its foregoing powers.” 

 

Here is a list of RESERVED POWERS (STATE POWERS)

 Establish and run local governments

 Regulate trade within a state

 Conduct elections

 Determine voting requirements

 Control education

 Set marriage and divorce laws

 Set traffic laws

 Grant police powers to protect the health, welfare and safety of the people within their state

 The 10th Amendment provides that “powers not delegated to the U.S. by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.”

 

 

Here is a list of CONCURRENT POWERS (NATIONAL AND STATE POWERS)

Tax

Borrow money

Establish courts

Charter banks and corporation

Make and enforce laws

Provide for the general welfare

 

 

After we completed our review of Federalism we jumped back into out chronological study of United States History by looking at the Presidency of George Washington.  Click here for Video Review of Washington Presidency . We generated notes on a graphic organizer highlighting two key domestic precedents (definition - regarded as an example or guide)  

 

Precedent #1 The Cabinet System (1791)

Group of department heads that advise the President 
Included Departments of State (Jefferson), Treasury(Hamilton), War(Knox), & Justice (Attorney General Randolph)

 

IMPACT: Alexander Hamilton believed the economic stability of the nation was determined by its industrial might. He created a plan to provide a strong monetary system for merchants, creditors, and manufacturers.


Precedent #2 Whiskey Rebellion (1794)

Pennsylvania farmers protest federal tax • Put down by 12,000 federal troops 

IMPACT: Established legitimacy of the power of the President to   enforce laws


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HW: Finish WIRE assignment "Constitutional Principles" (due Sunday 10/28/2012)

 

 

 

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